Understanding Borewell System

Understanding Borewell Systems: A Lifeline to Groundwater

By oriplast |  November 5, 2023 |  No comments |  1313 views

Have you ever wondered where the water in your taps and wells comes from? In many places, especially in rural areas, it's the borewell system that serves as a lifeline, providing access to groundwater. In this article, we'll dive deep into what a borewell system is and how it works in simple terms, so you can understand this vital source of water supply.

What is a Borewell System?

A borewell system is essentially a narrow, deep hole drilled into the Earth's surface to access groundwater. It's like a straw that reaches down to the water hidden beneath the ground. The term 'borewell' comes from 'bore,' meaning to drill or dig, and 'well,' indicating a source of water.

The Components of a Borewell Systems



This is the actual hole drilled into the ground. It can be quite deep, depending on the water source's depth. Boreholes are typically made using heavy machinery designed for drilling into the Earth's crust.

Casing Pipe:

To keep the borehole from collapsing, a casing pipe is inserted into the hole. It's usually made of steel or PVC and provides structural support to the borewell.

Screen Pipe:

Below the casing pipe, a screen pipe is installed. This pipe has tiny holes that allow water to enter while preventing sand and debris from getting in.


At the bottom of the borewell, there's a submersible pump that draws water from the ground and sends it up to the surface. It's like a magic wand that brings water to your home.

How Does a Borewell System Work?

The concept behind a borewell system is simple. When the submersible pump is turned on, it creates a vacuum that sucks water up from the ground through the screen pipe. This water is then pushed up through the casing pipe and reaches your taps and storage tanks.

Borewell systems are a crucial source of water in many areas, especially where surface water sources like rivers and lakes might not be readily available. They provide a reliable source of clean water for drinking, irrigation, and other everyday needs.

Maintenance and Care

Like any other system, borewells require proper maintenance. Over time, the screen pipe can become clogged with silt or other debris, reducing the flow of water. Regular cleaning and periodic inspections are necessary to keep your borewell functioning effectively.


In essence, a borewell system is like a straw that reaches deep into the Earth to bring up the precious gift of groundwater. It's a lifeline for many communities, ensuring a consistent supply of clean water for their daily needs.

Understanding the basics of how borewells work can help us appreciate this vital resource even more. So, the next time you turn on the tap, you'll know that it's the borewell system that's bringing that cool, refreshing water into your life.


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